Hadith 203: Bukhari's Shortest Chains
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The Thulāthiyyāt of Imām al-Bukhārīؒ
Course/Module Type: Hadīth (Recitation & Transmission)
Connect to the Traditions of the Messenger ﷺ through the greatest collection of Hadīth, the Jāmi‘ al-Sahīh of Imām al-Bukhārīؒ.
In this course, Shaykh Muftī Niaz Hannan will narrate the Thulāthiyyāt (Āhādīth with only three narrators in the chain) of Imām al-Bukhārīؒ’s Jāmi‘ al-Sahīh through the multiple chains of transmission he has received from his teachers worldwide. These chains connect one to students and teachers of Hadīth going back fourteen centuries and ultimately back to The Greatest of Creationﷺ. We will go through a study of the narrations and give commentary on the chains of transmission and texts of the Hadīth, In Shā Allāh.
This is an Ijāzah course. Students who attend each session, listen to the full aural transmission, and understand the principles covered in the text, will be presented with a written Ijāzah – permission to narrate the Ḥadīth by Muftī Niaz, In Shā Allāh. This Ijāzah will indicate and certify participation and completion of the text under the tutelage of a teacher.
Students must be able to:
• read Arabic text with vowels
• dedicate 1 hour of class time per week
• access PDF’s, ZOOM, etc.
• attend each live session without missing the transmission of a Hadīth
The Thulāthiyyāt Traditions
Thulāthiyyāt are those specific Hadīth that have only three narrators/links in the Sanad/Isnād (chain of narration) between the compiler and the Messenger ﷺ. These three links would consequently be a Saḥābi (Companion of the Prophet ﷺ), a Tābi‘ī (Successor to the Companions) and a Tābi‘ al-Tābi‘ī (Second Generation Successor to the Companions). Compilers of major and well-known Hadīth collections (in the past) include the likes of Imāms Mālikؒ, Ahmad ibn Hanbalؒ, al-Bukhārīؒ, Muslimؒ, etc.
A Hadīth that belongs to the category of Thulāthiyyāt is unique because most of the major and well-known collections contain Hadīth with at least four or more narrators in the chain. A chain that consists of fewer links is considered more reliable since the possibility of error and doubt increases with every additional link in the chain. Searching for a shorter or higher chain (by students and scholars of Hadīth and Fiqh) in preference to one that is longer or lower is a part of Hadīth Studies.
The Thulāthiyyāt of Imām al-Bukhārīؒ’s Jāmi‘ al-Sahīh are called the ‘Pride of al-Bukhārī’ by some ‘Ulamā’ because of the short linkage between Imām al-Bukhārīؒ and the Messenger ﷺ. Imām al-Bukhārīؒ has more Thulāthiyyāt narrations in his Jāmi‘ al-Sahīh than the other compilers of the Six Canonical Collections.
Mufti Niaz Hannan is the Imam and Religious Director at ICSJ (Islamic Center of South Jersey). Born in Brooklyn, New York and raised in Pennsylvania, Mufti Niaz began his journey in studying Islam from the blessed lap of his mother and late grandfather, Shaykh Maulana Raihanul Haque رحمه الله. He started memorizing the Holy Qur’ān at North Penn Mosque in his hometown Lansdale, then continued his Qur’ānic education at Darul Uloom Al-Madania in Buffalo, New York, and completed his Ḥifẓ (complete memorization of the Holy Qur’ān) in the spring of 2004. For the next nine years, Mufti Niaz would study Islam in the UK, graduating in 2011 from Jamiatul Ilm Wal Huda UK in Blackburn, near Manchester, England. The following year, he trained as a Muftī (issuer of Muslim legal responses) completed an MA in Islamic Studies. For the last ten years, Mufti Niaz has been teaching in the Tri-State area and Delaware, and has been serving ICSJ full-time since spring of 2014. In addition to his work in South Jersey, he is also the Muslim Chaplain at Drexel University in Philadelphia, and a part-time instructor for Safina Society based in New Brunswick, New Jersey, IQRA Institute and Riwaq Institute in Greater Philadelphia, and Imam Ghazali Institute in New York.
StartHow were Hadith Preserved (10:53)
StartTypes of Hadith Collections (12:18)
StartThe Six Canoncial Books (8:46)
Startal-Hadith al-Musalsal bil-Awwalyyiah (4:18)
StartImam Bukhari: First, Last, and Shortest Hadith (17:20)
StartOther Shuyukh for First and Last Hadith of Sahiih al-Bukhari (10:26)